This is an automation script written in Python 2 to add periodicals to an Calibre library. As an electronics engineer, I am trying to follow and read some electronics related e-magazines. I am using Calibre to store and categorize them. If you haven’t heard of Calibre, you should check out it. I wrote this script to add issues of magazines to my Calibre library according to their file names automatically.
Files are pusblished on GitHub and the link is just given below. You may download from that page.
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Here I added Readme file of the project as a reference. It is the same as the given in GitHub repository.
This is a small Python 2 script to add periodicals (magazines) to an existing Calibre library automatically. Sureli (actually Süreli with Turkish letters) means periodical in Turkish.
I am trying to follow and read some e-magazines related with electronics mostly (over 30 at this moment). I am using Calibre to categorize e-magazines. Calibre is a great software. After I download a magazine (most of the time it is a PDF file), I add it to Calibre library and rename it according to my own convention. Then I wrote this script to automatate this process.
This script searches folders to find new issues of magazines, filters them and add them to a Calibre library. You don’t need to modify script to support new magazines. All necessary settings are stored in configuration files and they are read from this script.
I used Python 2.7 on Windows 7 to test this script. It may not work with Python 3 or Python 2 on other operating systems. Also I am not a professional programmer. This script just works and it is far away from being perfect.
How to use?¶
First, you should make sure that executables of Calibre software are in your path. To test this, just open a command line and type
If everything is fine you should see a blinking cursor, just press Ctrl-C to terminate it. If there is a problem, command window will say that it can’t find this program. In that case you should Google it to find out how to add Calibre to your path.
On Windows, after you install Python 2 and add it to path, you should run the following command from the directory of
You will encounter an error since there is no
Sureli2Calibre.ini configuration file yet! Now, just go to examples directory and copy
Sureli2Calibre.ini next to
Sureli2Calibre.py. Then, open
.ini file with a text editor like Notepad++. There are two settings:
sureli_path should point to your e-magazine download directory actually.
calibre_path should point to your Calibre library directory.
Each magazine (not each issue individually) has an ID number and a name according to my convention. Let’s consider the example directory again. You see a 5LTJournal folder. LTJournal (notice that no spacing here) is the name of the magazine and 5 is its ID number. You should use this convention in
sureli_path folder like that (we will talk about files in a minute):
sureli_path 1FunnyMagazine 1FunnyMagazine.ini funnymagazine_issue45.pdf ... 2BoringMagazine 2BoringMagazine.ini Boring_vol45_num2.pdf ... .... 48JustAnotherMagazine 48JustAnotherMagazine.ini 67.zip ...
Sureli2Calibre.py will parse folder names according to this convention: Bunch of numbers followed by letters. You should use an ID number only once.
IDFolder.ini file should exist, just analyze the given
5LTJournal folder as an example. Now let’s open
5LTJournal.ini to understand it.
[S2Csettings] filefilter = ^(.*\.pdf)$ filefilterComment = Should end with .pdf fileformat = LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume $$$VOL$$$, Number $$$NUM$$$ fileformatComment = LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 26, Number 2 VOL_RegExp = (?<=V)([0-9]+)(?=\N) VOL_RegExpComment = LTJournal_V20N1_Apr10.pdf NUM_RegExp = (?<=N)([0-9]+) NUM_RegExpComment = LTJournal_V20N1_Apr10.pdf author = Linear Technology
Each magazine should have a setting file.
Sureli2Calibre.py uses setting files to parse magazine files. Each setting should start with
[S2CSsettings] line. First, you should set up a filter to scan files related with magazine
filefilter setting is used for this. For this example, this is a regular expression which accepts files ending with
fileformat. This is the name of the file that will appear on Calibre library. Notice that it looks little weird. What about
$$$ signs? Well, they are the dynamic areas, they are placeholders. For this particular magaizine, Linear Technology publishes each issue with a volume and number. After
Sureli2Calibre.py adds an issue of LT Journal magazine, the resultant name will be like given in
$$$VOL$$$ is replaced by volume and
$$$NUM$$$ is replaced by number. That is good, right? But how does
Sureli2Calibre.py know volume and number for a particular issue. It knows by looking at file name.
In general, each publisher uses a name convention. They rarely change their conventions. Now just look at the
NUM_RegExpComment setting. This is the convention of Linear Technology for LT Journal magazine. This is the format of the file when you download it from their website.
Sureli2Calibre.py uses regular expressions to extract information from filenames.
VOL_RegExp setting defines a regular expression used to extract volume information. It takes first numbers between
N characters in a file. Similarly the first number after
N character denotes the number field in file name. Placeholders in fileformat settings are replaced with these extracted data and filename is constructed. The last author setting denotes the author of the magazine which is always a constant name.
There may be any number of placeholders in fileformat setting. Each placeholder should be in between triple dollar signs. For each placeholder you should add
PLACEHOLDER_RegExpComment line. Just look at the other example given in examples folder.
Let’s test it¶
Let’s try to use
Sureli2Calibre.py together and understand its operation.
We did copy
Sureli2Calibre.ini next to
Sureli2Calibre.py previously. To test the script I will create an empty Calibre library. I don’t reccomend you test it on an existing library.
I opened Calibre. At that moment, its version is 2.69 [64bit]. I created an empty test library at location
I created another folder:
Now let’s copy 1CircuitCellar and 5LTJournal from examples folder to under TestSureli folder. You may delete
Sureli2Calibre.ini file under examples folder. Let’s open
Sureli2Calibre.ini file next to
Sureli2Calibre.py and edit it:
[Sureli2Calibre] sureli_path = C:\TestSureli calibre_path = C:\TestCalibre
Now lets run our script with
python Sureli2Calibre.py command.
Here is my output:
Sureli2Calibre beta1 Main Config File: C:\Sureli2Calibre\Sureli2Calibre.ini Search folder:C:\TestSureli Calibre folder:C:\TestCalibre ********** 2 folders. ********** Folders with wrong naming: Folders with no INI: Accepted folders  - 5LTJournal  - 27CircuitCellar Enter folder number:
As you can see, everyting is fine. We will use numbers between
[ ] to navigate. Let’s type
5 and press
Enter. Here is my output:
Listing all files C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal ********** : 5LTJournal.ini filefilter mismatched : LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf Searching placeholders. Entry Name: LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 24, Number 1 (5) Author Name: Linear Technology No books matching the search expression: "LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volum e 24, Number 1 (5)" Unique?: Yes : LTJournal_V20N1_Apr10.pdf Searching placeholders. Entry Name: LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 20, Number 1 (5) Author Name: Linear Technology No books matching the search expression: "LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volum e 20, Number 1 (5)" Unique?: Yes Enter file number:
What did script do? Well, there are 3 files (1
.ini and 2
filefilter setting given in
.ini file of the selected magazine. For this particular example, a valid filename should end with
.ini file wasn’t accepted.
LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf is OK however. It parsed this name and converted it to a valid name like
LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 24, Number 1 (5). Then it searched the Calibre library to avoid duplicate. Since our Calibre library is empty now, it is new and a unique file. Now let’s add first issue to our library. Type 2 then press
Enter then open your Calibre and look at your new library. You should see an entry with
Title: LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 24, Number 1 (5) and
Author: Linear Technology. Isn’t that good?
Now let’s open
C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal. Now, we have a new folder:
LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf was moved here. If you are OK with your Calibre entry and everyting is fine, you may delete the added file to free up some disk space. Let’s open
C:\Sureli2Calibre. There is a new file with format
5_YYYY-MM-DD.txt. This is a log file for the magazine with ID 5. Let’s open this. Here is mine:
2016-11-12 21:22:14,612 INFO:process_selected_folder():210 Starting to add C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal\LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf to C:\TestCalibre 2016-11-12 21:22:14,615 INFO:process_selected_folder():215 EXE: calibredb add "C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal\LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf" --authors="Linear Technology" --title="LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 24, Number 1 (5)" --library-path="C:\TestCalibre" 2016-11-12 21:22:18,641 INFO:process_selected_folder():219 EXE Result: 0 2016-11-12 21:22:18,641 INFO:process_selected_folder():225 Checking... 2016-11-12 21:22:18,644 INFO:process_selected_folder():229 EXE: calibredb search """LT Journal of Analog Innovation, Volume 24, Number 1 (5)""" --library-path="C:\TestCalibre" 2016-11-12 21:22:20,107 INFO:process_selected_folder():233 EXE Result: 0 2016-11-12 21:22:20,108 INFO:process_selected_folder():238 File is added calibre db. 2016-11-12 21:22:20,111 WARNING:process_selected_folder():245 C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal\_S2CMoved_ doesn't exist. Creating... 2016-11-12 21:22:20,114 INFO:process_selected_folder():265 Moving from C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal\LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf to C:\TestSureli\5LTJournal\_S2CMoved_\LTJournal-V24N1-2014-04.pdf 2016-11-12 21:22:20,115 INFO:process_selected_folder():272 Moved
Sureli2Calibre.py tries to log its actions in detail.
Now let’s run our script again. If you select LTJournal
 again, you will see a single available entry now. You can try to add Circuit Cellar to understand operation. Notice that the .pdf file under 27CircuitCellar is a fake file due to copyrights. You may also analyze
27CircuitCellar.ini. Different from LT Journal, Circuit Cellar uses a single issue number in
You can expand magazines by creating corresponding
.ini files. If you are having difficulties with regular expressions, you can use this excellent site to test your expressions: https://regex101.com/